РАССКАЗ ПРО АНГЛИЙСКИЙ АВТОБУС НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ 6КЛАСС
- There is in London " underground ", the largest and most advanced in the world , the name of the station where never stayed one train . The trick is that the name is, and the station no .
Input of one of the pavilions of the historic vegetable market adorns the standard plate «UNDERGROUND STATION« COVENT GARDEN PLAZZA ». It is set at the entrance to the London Transport Museum, which in this pavilion and located . Londoners are literally obsessed with its urban transport system , and the museum can learn about the history of the subway, city rail , trams , trolley buses and, of course , buses .
Chaotic development once the largest European city , leave nothing on the streets for transport. Poor English just had to " grow " the second floor of omnibuses and buses.
The first bus left the city's streets exactly 95 years ago. Assuming that to mean all bus models who will be working in London , enough letters of the Latin alphabet , they have begun to designate the model " A". In 1910, the city adopted the transport company London General Omnibus Company received the first serial -propelled omnibus "K" , which began regular operation a year later , in 1911, two years later on the streets of London were already 2,500 vehicles of this type. On a truck chassis AEC found a wooden box with a wooden benches along the windows . The rear area , the second floor , which in Russia was called " imperial " and the cab driver , perched right on the engine were open to all the winds . It's funny , but on the wing was a place for only one , the left headlight .
It remained unknown aspects of the decision which led to the design of all London buses . Whether the layout really been successful, or whether the British to take care of maintaining the traditions , whether they were too lazy to change the layout of the cabin, but after 95 years of double-decker buses are issued under such scheme.
All models of London buses designated only letters , but the chronology of their use was broken almost immediately. For example, in 1926 the serial production bus type NS. He took pride of place at first in the history of the city, and then in the museum. It was the first double-decker bus with a closed metal body , closed the second floor and a "normal " arrangement of seats. In contrast to current models of the second floor was shorter than the first and hung above the cab driver visor. With the introduction of these machines have eliminated the need for Londoners to use umbrellas on the bus, at least on the second floor ...
The next exhibit off the line in 1931 and was designated LT. The bus was a larger one , the second floor is almost on par with the first of its huge dome decorated with lights, which has a transparent banner with the route number .
The share of these cars have dropped considerable testing during the Second World War. They had to work hard during the evacuation of the residents , the transfer of forces in the ports and even for some time to give shelter to those whose homes were destroyed. Himself buses also fairly got - German air raids and missiles V- 1 and V-2 was destroyed , along with several garages who stood in their machines.
After the war, in the model firmly established the letter R, which noted the type of bus Routmaster, was a real " long-lived ". The first was a bus RT, released in 1954, It was the thoroughly modern car , come down to our day almost unchanged. Diesel engine , AEC or Leyland, the second floor was much higher and more spacious , the second light is located in the front of the cabin. Two years later he was replaced by a model of RM, and for 50 years the brand buses cruise the streets of London , winding more than one million miles . It is interesting to trace the fate of the "oldies » RT. Enterprising Londoners gathered served their cars and sold them to Ceylon and South Africa.
Bus Routmaster RM became a kind of bus "classic ." Now the authorities in London are making desperate attempts to refuse clearly outdated machines, but the tradition seems to have the upper hand . On the streets of London still runs several hundred "veterans" , and those that are removed from the flight , are bought by collectors , tour operators , travel agencies .
Unfortunately , the area of the museum is not allowed to display all the buses that are stored in the museum. The fact that the double-decker cars are only serving the city line, and in the suburbs , where such crowding on the roads was not the usual one-storey car cruised . The museum contains two models Leyland thirties, one of which is an unusual design in a different wagon- style . However, their lack of a full-size , like many others, more than compensate for the excellent performance of the model on a large scale .
Bus exposition of London Transport Museum is just crawling . To get around it, and the most careful study of these art machines, enough hours, but at this hour instead of nearly a century of history London bus .